About Russian visa

Before you go to Russia you should check with Russian local consulate if you need to obtain Russian travel visa. Most of foreign visitors still need a Russian travel visa, some don't.

There are several types of Russian visas. The main types are tourist visa, business visa, visitor's visa and transit visa. A Russian visa is usually valid for the period written in the invitation, except for the visitor's visa that can be valid up to 3 months.


How to Read Your Russian Visa


Types of Visa

Most foreign tourists need to obtain a Russian travel visa before visiting Russia. Depending on the puprose and length of visit one can apply for different types of visa. This section of our website covers the following types:

  • Tourist Visa
  • Business Visa
  • Visitor's Visa
  • Student Visa
  • Transit Visa
  • Cruise Passengers

Tourist Visa

A Russia tourist visa is issued for those travelers who visit Russia for tourism purposes. This type of visa is the most popular one, as it's the least expensive and the easiest to get. A Tourist visas are valid for up to 1 month and allow either a single or double entry and exit. Tourist visa cannot be extended.

To obtain a Russian tourist visa visitors should confirm accommodation and invitation from a travel agency or another organization authorized by the Russian Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

Note! You can Request or buy a Tourist invitation on our website.

Business Visa

Businesspeople can apply for a Russia business visa that can be valid for a period up to 1 year. A Business visa can be single-entry, double-entry and multiple-entry. Single-entry and double-entry visas are valid for 1 or 3 months. Multiple-entry visas are valid for 3, 6 or 12 months.

To obtain a Russian business visa a business invitation issued by the Russian Foreign Ministry, by its regional representatives or special local offices of the Ministry of Internal Affairs is required.

Business visas can be also used for non-business purposes. This kind of visa is recommended in case you are going to visit Russia more than once within a certain period of time.

Please note that the Russian Ministry of Foreign Affairs will not process applications for business visas earlier than 45 days before the first stated date of entry.

Visitor's Visa

Russia visitor's visa (it is also called a homestay or a private visa) is issued for visitors who have relatives or friends in Russia. This type of visa can be valid for a period from one day to three months. Visitor's visa can be only used for one entry.

To obtain a visitor's visa to Russia it's necessary to receive a private visa invitation from your Russian friends or relatives, issued by the local department of Passport and Visa Service of the Ministry of Internal Affairs. The invitation should be mailed to you in original.

Please note that an invitation letter from your friends or relatives cannot be considered as an official invitation valid for obtaining a visa to Russia.

Student Visa

A Student visa is required to study in the Russian Federation. A Student visas are valid for the whole period of your study program. This type of visa is single-entry.

To obtain a Russian student visa, a letter of invitation from a university or school in Russia is required.

Transit Visa

Transit Visa is required for travelers who visit other countries via Russia. Transit visas are valid for not more than 72 hours and can be single-entry or double-entry.

To obtain this type of visa, visitors don't need any invitations or visa support. The Consulate will issue a transit visa provided that you present a copy of your travel documents, including a copy of your visa to the country of destination.

Transit visas are not required for lay-overs, which last less than 24 hours without leaving the international area at the airport.

Cruise Passengers

Cruise ship passengers can currently visit Russia on visa-waiver scheme provided the stop in the port of call doesn't exceed 72 hours and tourists stay overnight on board the cruise ship.

Cruise passengers may disembark from the ship without a tourist visa if they participate on tours organized by travel companies. Passengers not participating on tours and wishing to disembark will need to obtain a Russia tourist visa.

Cruise passengers cannot obtain a visa in Russia. Visas are issued in the country of residence before departure.


To obtain a visa in your country, you need to submit necessary paperwork to the Russian Consulate. In order to issue the applicant a visa, the Consulate requires a Russian visa invitation that can be issued by a travel agency or another organization authorized by the Russian Ministry of Foreign Affairs. The type of invitation depends on the type of visa you are applying for. The most popular types of invitation are tourist invitation, business invitation and private invitation.

Our company provide Tourist Invitation

A tourist invitation is necessary to obtain a tourist visa to Russia. This type of invitation involves 2 documents, which are a tourist confirmation and a hotel voucher. These documents contain the information on your stay in Russia and our company.

Invitations should be submitted to the Consulate along with other paperwork required by the Consulate. Most consulates accept copies of invitation sent by fax or e-mail. Sometime consulates ask for original invitations. In this case, documents must be sent by mail. 


Documents for applying

To specify the list of documents needed to apply for a Russian visa, please select from the list below a citizen of what country you are:


1. A completed visa application form (one per person) available at the Consulate or downloadable in PDF format from the site. (to download and read it you need Adobe Acrobat Reader preinstalled on your computer. You can download it for free from www.adobe.com) A special form is required for the citizens of the United States.

2. A valid passport, which should have at least one clear page intended for visas. Your passport must be valid not less than six month since the date of your departure from Russia as it’s indicated in your invitation (travel conformation) and later in your visa.

3. One passport-size photo of the applicant attached duly (just glue it or staple) to the specified space at the upper right-hand corner of the application form.

4. A standard travel confirmation from a hosting authorized Russian travel agency, registered with the Russian Ministry of Foreign Affairs and a copy of travel voucher from your travel agency in Russia**. The confirmation must contain the agency’s reference number and registration number.

For more information: http://www.malaysia.mid.ru/

Visa free entry

The Government of the Russian Federation allows citizens or residents of specific countries/territories to enter Russia without having to obtain a visa, based on bilateral or multilateral agreements. Citizens of other countries must obtain a visa from a Russian embassy.

General Rules:

The principal law pertaining to the visa policy or Russia is the Federal Law No.114-FZ On the Order of Exit from the Russian Federation and Entry to the Russian Federation. The law establishes that as a general rule all foreign citizens and stateless persons need visas for entry and exit from the territory of Russia. It also establishes a number of exceptions addressing certain groups of travelers.

According to the Russian Constitution, international treaties of Russia override the domestic legislation. Russia has concluded a number of bilateral or multilateral treaties on visa abolishing or simplification and is seeking to negotiate new such treaties.


Visa-free Entry

The citizens of the following 33 countries and territories are eligible to visit Russia with a valid passport and without obtaining a visa in advance. These rules generally apply to holders of ordinary passports, rules for holders of diplomatic passports and other travel documents may differ.

As of 2014, citizens of the countries, except Belarus, who have the right to a visa-free entry to Russia must not stay longer than 90 days per every 180 days. Resetting the allowed period by leaving and re-entering the country is no longer allowed. Overstaying is punishable by a three year entry ban.

Tourism purposes:

  • Argentina
  • Brazil
  • Chile
  • Colombia
  • Ecuador
  • Fiji
  • Guatemala
  • Israel
  • Nicaragua
  • Peru
  • Venezuela


60 days

  • South Korea


30 days for tourism purposes

  • Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • Cuba
  • Macau (Only Macao Special Administrative Region passport holders)
  • Macedonia ( if holding a letter of invitation or a tourist voucher)
  • Montenegro
  • Serbia
  • Thailand
  • Turkey

14 days for tourism purposes

  • Hong Kong (Only Hong Kong Special Administrative Region passport holders)


3 days for Kaliningrad visits

Citizens of Schengen states, United Kingdom and Japan may visit the Kaliningrad region as tourists and obtain a 3-day visa at the border check points of Bagrationovsk, Mamonovo and Khrabrovo Airport if travelling through one of the approved travel agencies.


Cruise ship passengers

Since May 2009 international tourists have been able to stay in Russia visa-free up to 72 hours when entering Russia through the ports of Anadyr, Sochi, Novorossiysk, Vladivostok, Korsakov, Kaliningrad, Vyborg or St.Petersburg by ferry. This applies only to persons who travel within an organised group and do not intend to explore the cities on their own. In 2014 it was proposed to extend the policy to tourists arriving by train.


Visa-free transit:

  • Direct airside transit: Passengers travelling through international airports do not need a visa for a transit of less than 24 hours, provided a confirmed onward ticket is held and the traveller remains in the international transit area (without clearing passport control).[citation needed]
  • Only five Russian airports have an international transit area:
  • Moscow's Sheremetyevo International Airport (SVO) - terminals D, E and F
  • Moscow's Domodedovo International Airport (DME)
  • Moscow's Vnukovo International Airport (VKO) - terminal A
  • Saint Petersburg's Pulkovo Airport (LED) - new terminal 1, opened on February 14, 2014
  • Yekaterinburg's Koltsovo International Airport (SVX) - international terminal.


  • Saimaa canal: In accordance with a treaty between Russia and Finland, though there are passport controls at borders, a visa is not required for just passing through the Russian part of the Saimaa canal without leaving the vessel.


Visa-free zones:

  • Norway — in the area within a radius of 30 kilometers on both sides of the border residents may travel to the other country without a visa. A certificate of the border resident are issued for three years, and give the right to stay for 15 days.
  • Poland — there is a visa-free regime between Poland and Kaliningrad Oblast.



In April 2014 Crimea’s Tourism Minister proposed a visa-free regime for foreign tourists staying at Crimean resorts for up to 12 days and a 72-hour visa-free stay for cruise passengers.[52] Visa-free access for Chinese citizens was proposed in June 2014.


2018 World Cup

2018 FIFA World Cup participants and fans will be able to visit Russia without a visa right before and during the competition.

Request for visa support

If you require a visa support letter necessary for obtaining a tourist visa, please complete this form and send back to email incoming@alean.ru. A separate form should be completed for each traveler. The documents are for presentation at the Russian Embassy when applying for tourist visa, vouchers will be issued only for the period of the reservation at the hotel.

Please note that the hotel reservation should be fully paid.


General rules